This strategy relies on preventing stereotypic conclusions by obtaining specific information about group members (Brewer, 1988; Fiske & Neuberg, 1990). Using this strategy helps people evaluate members of the target group based on personal, rather than group-based, attributes
This strategy involves taking the perspective in the first person of a member of a group toward whom bias exists.
Imagine in detail targets of bias in a positive light (Blair et al., 2001).
These others can be abstract (e.g. Muslim family eating dinner), famous (e.g. Muhammad Ali), or non-famous (e.g. a personal friend).
Replace stereotypical responses with non-stereotypical responses.
Involves recognizing that a response is based on stereotypes (e.g. math teacher asking Asian students to join the math club on the first day of class); labeling the response as stereotypical, and reflecting on why the response occurred.
Next, one considers how the biased response could be avoided in the future and replaced it with an unbiased response (e.g. teacher selecting math club students based upon exam scores) (Monteith, 1993).
Positive contact can alter perceptions of the group or directly improve evaluations of the group (Pettigrew & Tropp, 2006).